Consumer Metrics Institute News Feed
Subscribe to Consumer Metrics Institute News by Email

Consumer Metrics InstituteSM
Home of Daily Consumer Leading Indicators

E-Mail:   
See sample 48-Week Weighted Composite Chart available only to Members:

HomeHistoryAutomotiveEntertainmentFinancialHealthHouseholdHousingRecreationRetailTechnologyTravelFAQsDownloadsMembershipContactAbout


"Bringing the measurements of critical economic activities into the twenty-first century by
mining tracking data for an understanding of what American consumers were doing yesterday."


Daily Absolute Demand Index


 Daily Absolute Demand Index(1): 
 
Chart
(Click here for best resolution)
 
 Notes:
  (1) A projection of our basic year-over-year data into an aggregate absolute demand, reflecting the compounding impact of extended expansions or contractions. The daily data is normalized such that the year-long average for 2005 would be at 100 in the chart.


 





Monthly Absolute Demand Index


 Monthly Absolute Demand Index(3): 
 
Chart
(Click here for best resolution)
 
 Notes:
  (3) A projection of our basic year-over-year data into an aggregate absolute demand, reflecting the compounding impact of extended expansions or contractions. The data points represent month-long averages of the daily data, normalized so that the year-long average for 2005 would be at 100 in the chart.


 


Current Weighted Composite & Sector Index Values



Chart
(Click here for best resolution)


Last 10 Weighted Composite Index Values
Date:05/05/201705/06/201705/07/201705/08/201705/09/201705/10/201705/11/201705/12/201705/13/201705/14/2017
Value:96.1696.0196.4797.0097.0497.0396.4896.0295.9695.24


Current Values for Each of the Sector Indexes
Sector:AutomotiveEntertainmentFinancialHealthHouseholdHousingRecreationRetailTechnologyTravel
Value(3):89.9587.4890.8785.78103.8098.1697.5499.2693.10100.33

 Notes:
  (3) The 10 sectors contribute to our Weighted Composite Index according to weightings provided for their various sub-components by the United States Department of Commerce's National Income and Product Accounts ('NIPA') Tables (see our FAQs page for further explanations). In general, components in our Housing Sector have the highest weightings for durable goods in the NIPA matrix, while components in our Retail Sector contribute dynamically to many different line items in the weighting matrix, depending on specific goods involved.


 




Current Growth Index Values & Percentiles


Trailing 91, 183 and 365 Day Data
Trailing Days:91-Day183-Day365-Day
% Growth(4):-5.95%-5.61%-4.42%
Percentiles(5):1.22%0.43%0.21%

 Notes:
  (4) The average net year-over-year growth percentage of the Weighted Composite Index over the past 91, 183 and 365 Days (the daily value for the equivalent of a real-time Consumer 'GDP' for the trailing moving 'quarter', 'six months' and 'year').
  (5) The percentile of the above among all GDP quarters, six months and years since the spring of 1947 in the BEA's GDP growth tables (i.e., the percentage of all comparable time spans in the BEA's data below the values in the '% Growth' line above).


 

Commentary


     
  April 28, 2017 - BEA Estimates 1st Quarter 2017 GDP Growth At 0.69%:

In their first (preliminary) estimate of the US GDP for the first quarter of 2017, the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) reported that the US economy was growing at a +0.69% annual rate, down roughly two thirds (-1.39%) from the +2.08% reported for the prior quarter.

Total consumer spending grew at a meager +0.23% annualized rate during the quarter, down a significant -2.17% from the prior quarter. Inventory contraction removed another -0.93% from the headline number, a swing of -1.94% from the prior quarter. Government spending contracted during the quarter, removing -0.30% from the headline.

The good news was that commercial fixed investment added +1.62 to the headline, the strongest contribution since 1Q-2012 -- five years ago. And foreign trade also improved markedly to an essentially neutral contribution (+0.07%), up some +1.89% from the prior quarter.

The BEA's "bottom line" (their "Real Final Sales of Domestic Product", which excludes the growing inventories) was nearly a full percent better than the headline at +1.62%, up +0.55% from the 1.07% rate recorded 4Q-2016.

Real annualized household disposable income was reported to have grown only $42 quarter-to-quarter, to an annualized $39,519 (in 2009 dollars). The household savings rate grew slightly to 5.7%. The slow disposable income growth and the increased savings rate in large part explain the softened growth in consumer spending.

For the fourth quarter the BEA assumed an effective annualized deflator of 2.25%. During the same quarter (January 2017 through March 2017) the inflation recorded by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) in their CPI-U index was lower at 1.54%. Over estimating inflation results in pessimistic growth rates, and if the BEA's "nominal" data was deflated using CPI-U inflation information the headline growth number would have been somewhat higher at a +1.41% annualized growth rate.

Among the notable items in the report :

-- The headline contribution from consumer expenditures for goods was a miniscule +0.02% growth rate (down -1.27% from the prior quarter).

-- The contribution to the headline from consumer spending on services was +0.21% (down -0.90% from the prior quarter), and the vast majority of the remaining increase was from greater healthcare spending. The combined consumer contribution to the headline number was +0.23%, down -2.17% from 4Q-2016.

-- The headline contribution from commercial private fixed investments was reported to be +1.62%, up 1.16% from the prior quarter. That growth was mostly from non-residential construction.

-- Inventory contraction deducted -0.93% from the headline number, down -1.94% from the prior quarter. It is important to remember that the BEA's inventory numbers are exceptionally noisy (and susceptible to significant distortions/anomalies caused by commodity price or currency swings) while ultimately representing a zero reverting (and long term essentially zero sum) series.

-- Governmental spending contracted, removing -0.30% from the headline number (down -0.33% from the prior quarter). The contraction was nearly equally split between Federal and state/local spending.

-- Exports strengthened significantly quarter-to-quarter, swinging to +0.68% growth after contracting -0.55% in the prior quarter.

-- Imports subtracted -0.61% from the headline number, up +0.66% from the prior quarter. In aggregate, foreign trade added +0.07% to the headline number after subtracting -1.82% during the prior quarter.

-- The "real final sales of domestic product" grew at an annualized +1.62%, up +0.55% from the prior quarter. This is the BEA's "bottom line" measurement of the economy and it excludes the reported inventory growth.

-- As mentioned above, real per-capita annual disposable income was reported to have grown by only $42 quarter-to-quarter. At the same time the household savings rate increased to 5.7%. It is important to keep this line item in perspective: real per-capita annual disposable income is up only +7.75% in aggregate since the second quarter of 2008 -- a meager annualized +0.86% growth rate over the past 35 quarters.




The Numbers

As a quick reminder, the classic definition of the GDP can be summarized with the following equation :

GDP = private consumption + gross private investment + government spending + (exports - imports)


or, as it is commonly expressed in algebraic shorthand :

GDP = C + I + G + (X-M)


In the new report the values for that equation (total dollars, percentage of the total GDP, and contribution to the final percentage growth number) are as follows :

GDP Components Table

Total GDP = C + I + G + (X-M)
Annual $ (trillions) $19.0 = $13.1 + $3.1 + $3.3 + $-0.6
% of GDP 100.00% = 68.90% + 16.55% + 17.48% + -2.94%
Contribution to GDP Growth % 0.69% = 0.23% + 0.69% + -0.30% + 0.07%


The quarter-to-quarter changes in the contributions that various components make to the overall GDP can be best understood from the table below, which breaks out the component contributions in more detail and over time. In the table below we have split the "C" component into goods and services, split the "I" component into fixed investment and inventories, separated exports from imports, added a line for the BEA's "Real Final Sales of Domestic Product" and listed the quarters in columns with the most current to the left :

Quarterly Changes in % Contributions to GDP

1Q-2017 4Q-2016 3Q-2016 2Q-2016 1Q-2016 4Q-2015 3Q-2015 2Q-2015 1Q-2015 4Q-2014 3Q-2014 2Q-2014 1Q-2014
Total GDP Growth 0.69% 2.08% 3.53% 1.42% 0.83% 0.88% 1.98% 2.62% 2.05% 2.31% 4.96% 3.96% -1.18%
Consumer Goods 0.02% 1.29% 0.77% 1.51% 0.25% 0.47% 0.92% 0.94% 0.59% 1.14% 0.98% 1.50% 0.54%
Consumer Services 0.21% 1.11% 1.26% 1.37% 0.86% 1.07% 0.89% 1.00% 1.04% 1.93% 1.54% 1.06% 0.73%
Fixed Investment 1.62% 0.46% 0.02% -0.18% -0.15% -0.03% 0.92% 0.70% 0.61% 0.22% 1.16% 1.12% 0.79%
Inventories -0.93% 1.01% 0.49% -1.16% -0.41% -0.36% -0.57% -0.52% 1.01% 0.23% 0.32% 0.67% -1.89%
Government -0.30% 0.03% 0.14% -0.30% 0.28% 0.18% 0.34% 0.57% 0.45% -0.07% 0.46% 0.02% -0.19%
Exports 0.68% -0.55% 1.16% 0.21% -0.09% -0.34% -0.36% 0.37% -0.78% 0.60% 0.29% 1.16% -0.39%
Imports -0.61% -1.27% -0.31% -0.03% 0.09% -0.11% -0.16% -0.44% -0.87% -1.74% 0.21% -1.57% -0.77%
Real Final Sales 1.62% 1.07% 3.04% 2.58% 1.24% 1.24% 2.55% 3.14% 1.04% 2.08% 4.64% 3.29% 0.71%





Summary and Commentary

This report records a significant weakening in the growth of consumer spending, while commercial investment and foreign trade improved. The notable takeaways from the report are :

-- The consumer spending growth that remains can be accounted for entirely by increased healthcare costs.

-- Inventories contracted, arguably in anticipation of softer consumer spending.

-- Foreign trade reversed direction and for a change was not a drag on the headline number.

-- Commercial fixed investment was the strongest in five years.

The US economy is consumer driven; and for the moment that engine of growth has shifted into neutral. Wall Street euphoria notwithstanding, until disposable income shows significant signs of improvement, neutral may be the best that we can expect.
 
     
   
 Note: A more complete list of historical commentary can be found on our History Page ...
 
   


Links



HomeHistoryAutomotiveEntertainmentFinancialHealthHouseholdHousingRecreationRetailTechnologyTravelFAQsDownloadsMembershipContactAbout


Consumer Metrics Institute Presentation Series:
Economic Data for the 21st Century - Part 1 (Duration 7:35)
 
Economic Data for the 21st Century - Part 2 (Duration 11:35)
 

Consumer Metrics Institute In The News:
Index - Leaders (04/29/2017)
 
TalkMarkets - Financial Content That is Customized, Optimized, Socialized (03/30/2017)
 
America's Economic Future (02/12/2017)
 
moving-intellect.com (01/01/2017)
 
Global Economic Intersection (12/23/2016)
 
Before It's News | Alternative News | UFO | Beyond Science | True News| Prophecy News | People Powered News (10/28/2016)
 
DomainStats.io | Stats for millions of domains (09/22/2016)
 
Loans For Terrible Credit Instant (09/01/2016)
 
Follow the Money (08/28/2016)
 
bertpowers (07/29/2016)
 
Imgur: The most awesome images on the Internet (05/01/2016)
 
Index - Syndication (04/30/2016)
 
The Wall Street Examiner (03/24/2016)
 
Advanced Website Research That is Up to Date (03/20/2016)
 
COC Base Layout (01/20/2016)
 
真相部落--有图文、有音频、有视频、有真相 (12/29/2015)
 
World’s Largest Professional Network | LinkedIn (12/01/2015)
 
bathroom design ideas (10/30/2015)
 
Modern Interior Designs (10/28/2015)
 
Kitchen Cabinets 10 (10/17/2015)
 
Bathroom vanities 16 (10/16/2015)
 
Small House Plans (09/17/2015)
 
The Mortgage Lender Implode-O-Meter (08/27/2015)
 
Easynomics (04/20/2015)
 
World News (04/08/2015)
 
Phil's Stock World (03/21/2015)
 
Schnizzle (01/22/2015)
 
Visual Discovery & Social Curation Network (01/19/2015)
 
World's Largest Professional Network | LinkedIn (11/21/2014)
 
Phil's Stock World (09/29/2014)
 
Phil's Stock World (09/25/2014)
 
Phil's Stock World (09/16/2014)
 
Phil's Stock World (08/27/2014)
 
Phil's Stock World (08/14/2014)
 
Phil's Stock World (08/13/2014)
 
Phil's Stock World (08/11/2014)
 
JJ Solomon | Exchange Traded Funds for the Global Investor (06/09/2014)
 
Best Review , Analysis and evaluation of website information (05/13/2014)
 
Phil's Stock World (01/07/2014)
 
Phil's Stock World (11/01/2013)
 
Free Public Web Proxy | Odd Onion (10/20/2013)
 
Safehaven.com (10/01/2013)
 
Hackurity Anonymous Proxy [ Rapide /!\ Fiable /!\ Sr ] 100% Anonyme :) (08/26/2013)
 
Free Website Analyzer (08/19/2013)
 
Phil's Stock World (08/12/2013)
 
Free Download Quote Wallpaper - kootation.com (07/16/2013)
 
FINANCIAL SENSE | Applying Common Sense to the Markets (06/27/2013)
 
SGTreport.com (06/26/2013)
 
Safehaven.com (06/26/2013)
 
DollarCollapse.com (06/26/2013)
 
MarketShadows - Investors Guide to the Galaxy (06/24/2013)
 
Tofudi.com - Free Essays & Term papers, Book Search in PDF (06/05/2013)
 
Elliott Wave Market Service | Independent. Clear. Simple. Precise. (06/01/2013)
 
Safehaven.com (05/31/2013)
 
Investment Watch (05/31/2013)
 
HoweStreet.com | The Source for Market Opinions (05/31/2013)
 
silveristhenew | Silver as an investment (05/30/2013)
 
Phil's Stock World (05/30/2013)
 
World News (05/14/2013)
 
Integrity Research (05/06/2013)
 
HotAir — Politics, Culture, Media, 2012, Breaking News from a conservative viewpoint (04/26/2013)
 
Financial Survival Network (03/01/2013)
 
Silver For The People – The Blog (02/28/2013)
 
Phil's Stock World (02/28/2013)
 
Krisenland.de (01/30/2013)
 
Sense on Cents (01/03/2013)
 
401K, IRA, Annuity (Retirement) Investments & Portfolios (11/18/2012)
 
RPM Mortgage, Inc. - Dick Lepre (11/05/2012)
 
Welcome - Silobreaker (09/01/2012)
 
midtownrepublican.com (06/09/2012)
 
Latest top news stories in United States (06/08/2012)
 
trimtabs.com (06/08/2012)
 
ZeroHedge (06/08/2012)
 
The Daily Capitalist (04/27/2012)
 
Mish's Global Economic Trend Analysis (04/27/2012)
 
bullfax.com (04/27/2012)
 
Wall Street Examiner (04/27/2012)
 
The Daily Capitalist (03/29/2012)
 
America's Economic Future (03/22/2012)
 
t5trader.net (03/16/2012)
 
charthunt.com (03/14/2012)
 
Phil's Stock World (02/24/2012)
 
Phil's Stock World (02/08/2012)
 
Sense on Cents (01/20/2012)
 
Phil's Stock World (01/20/2012)
 
Regator (12/08/2011)
 
Icliks Incoming (11/24/2011)
 
TraderView (11/23/2011)
 
The Rookie Cynic (11/23/2011)
 
Phil's Stock World (11/22/2011)
 
Safehaven.com (11/22/2011)
 
Dave's Daily (11/10/2011)
 
Zimbio (11/04/2011)
 
Phil's Stock World (10/27/2011)
 
Phil's Stock World (10/20/2011)
 
The Basis Point Blog (10/02/2011)
 
Mike Norman Economics (09/29/2011)
 
Phil's Stock World (09/27/2011)
 
Phil's Stock World (09/22/2011)
 
Phil's Stock World (09/21/2011)
 
Phil's Stock World (09/20/2011)
 
Phil's Stock World (09/19/2011)
 
Phil's Stock World (09/18/2011)
 
Phil's Stock World (09/16/2011)
 
Phil's Stock World (09/15/2011)
 
Phil's Stock World (09/15/2011)
 
Phil's Stock World (09/14/2011)
 
Phil's Stock World (09/13/2011)
 
Phil's Stock World (09/12/2011)
 
Phil's Stock World (09/09/2011)
 
Phil's Stock World (09/08/2011)
 
Phil's Stock World (09/08/2011)
 
Phil's Stock World (09/08/2011)
 
Phil's Stock World (09/06/2011)
 
Phil's Stock World (09/06/2011)
 
RPM Mortgage, Inc. - Dick Lepre (09/02/2011)
 
Decline of the Empire (08/31/2011)
 
Mish's Global Economic Trend Analysis (08/29/2011)
 
ML-Explode.com (08/26/2011)
 
Mish's Global Economic Trend Analysis (08/18/2011)
 
Business Insider (08/16/2011)
 
ETF Digest (08/15/2011)
 
Phil's Stock World (08/08/2011)
 
Wall Street Sector Selector (08/08/2011)
 
Advisor Perspectives (08/08/2011)
 
Open Enterprise News (08/02/2011)
 
David Gratke (08/01/2011)
 
Phil's Stock World (07/30/2011)
 
RPM Mortgage, Inc. - Dick Lepre (07/29/2011)
 
The Mortgage Lender Implode-O-Meter (07/24/2011)
 
Phil's Stock World (07/22/2011)
 
Phil's Stock World (07/12/2011)
 
America's Economic Future (06/27/2011)
 
Sense on Cents (06/09/2011)
 
Sense on Cents (06/08/2011)
 
Seeking Alpha (05/25/2011)
 
Seeking Alpha (05/20/2011)
 
Credit Writedowns (05/17/2011)
 
AG MetalMiner (05/16/2011)
 
Business Insider (05/05/2011)
 
Sense on Cents (05/05/2011)
 
Seeking Alpha (04/13/2011)
 
Seeking Alpha (04/07/2011)
 
Sense on Cents (04/05/2011)
 
Seeking Alpha (03/23/2011)
 
Freedoms Phoenix (03/18/2011)
 
Seeking Alpha (03/08/2011)
 
DailyMarkets.com (02/18/2011)
 
Sense on Cents (02/18/2011)
 
Minyanville (02/16/2011)
 
Seeking Alpha (02/14/2011)
 
RPM Mortgage, Inc. - Dick Lepre (02/04/2011)
 
Seeking Alpha (02/04/2011)
 
Sense on Cents (01/24/2011)
 
x5trader (01/09/2011)
 
Jesse's Cafe Americain (01/08/2011)
 
Seeking Alpha (12/06/2010)
 
Sense on Cents (11/13/2010)
 
Sense on Cents (11/10/2010)
 
EconomicGreenfield (10/31/2010)
 
Decline of the Empire (10/29/2010)
 
The Motley Fool (10/28/2010)
 
The Automatic Earth (10/28/2010)
 
Business Insider (10/27/2010)
 
Sense on Cents (10/14/2010)
 
Pragmatic Capitalism (10/10/2010)
 
ZeroHedge (10/07/2010)
 
Tainted Alpha (10/06/2010)
 
The Automatic Earth (10/05/2010)
 
Bob English at EconomicPolicyJournal.com (10/04/2010)
 
Daneric's Elliott Waves (10/04/2010)
 
Pragmatic Capitalism (10/04/2010)
 
Business Insider (09/30/2010)
 
AG MetalMiner (09/29/2010)
 
Sense on Cents (09/28/2010)
 
The Automatic Earth (09/28/2010)
 
money.ninemsn.com.au (09/27/2010)
 
America's Economic Future (09/27/2010)
 
Sense on Cents (09/25/2010)
 
Jesse's Cafe Americain (09/21/2010)
 
The Mortgage Lender Implode-O-Meter (09/21/2010)
 
Phil's Favorites (09/21/2010)
 
normxxx ruminates... (09/21/2010)
 
Seeking Alpha (09/21/2010)
 
Credit Writedowns (09/21/2010)
 
Business Insider (09/20/2010)
 
tinyhedge.blogspot.com (09/19/2010)
 
normxxx ruminates... (09/14/2010)
 
Seeking Alpha (09/14/2010)
 
Bob English at EconomicPolicyJournal.com (09/13/2010)
 
Seeking Alpha (09/12/2010)
 
Sense on Cents (09/10/2010)
 
Business Insider (09/07/2010)
 
AG MetalMiner (09/07/2010)
 
Pragmatic Capitalism (09/01/2010)
 
ETF Digest (08/31/2010)
 
Sense on Cents (08/31/2010)
 
blogsforvictory.com (08/29/2010)
 
moneywatch.bnet.com (08/26/2010)
 
Business Insider (08/25/2010)
 
America's Economic Future (08/24/2010)
 
The Automatic Earth (08/23/2010)
 
Capitalogix (08/22/2010)
 
The Automatic Earth (08/21/2010)
 
Economic Policy Journal (08/20/2010)
 
Economic Policy Journal (08/17/2010)
 
Pragmatic Capitalism (08/17/2010)
 
Business Insider (08/17/2010)
 
Sense on Cents (08/10/2010)
 
AMERICA Blog (08/07/2010)
 
Phil's Stock World (08/01/2010)
 
Economic Policy Journal (07/30/2010)
 
Tainted Alpha (07/30/2010)
 
rlslaw.calculatedcrunchnews.com (07/30/2010)
 
Economic Policy Journal (07/30/2010)
 
Benzinga (07/30/2010)
 
Decline of the Empire (07/29/2010)
 
Doug Ross @ Journal (07/29/2010)
 
Cara Community (07/28/2010)
 
jherbert.blogspot.com (07/27/2010)
 
Phil's Stock World (07/25/2010)
 
The Daily Capitalist (07/19/2010)
 
Happy Travails (07/17/2010)
 
RPM Mortgage, Inc. - Dick Lepre (07/16/2010)
 
business.financialpost.com (07/12/2010)
 
AdvisorAnalyst.com (07/12/2010)
 
The Motley Fool (07/12/2010)
 
Sense on Cents (07/10/2010)
 
Jesse's Cafe Americain (07/07/2010)
 
AG MetalMiner (07/01/2010)
 
Economic Policy Journal (06/30/2010)
 
ZeroHedge (06/30/2010)
 
econblogreview.blogspot.com (06/29/2010)
 
Economic Policy Journal (06/29/2010)
 
Pragmatic Capitalism (06/29/2010)
 
The Motley Fool (06/11/2010)
 
Bob English at EconomicPolicyJournal.com (06/10/2010)
 
Sense on Cents (06/10/2010)
 
markettalk.newswires-americas.com (06/06/2010)
 
The Market Oracle UK (06/05/2010)
 
Cara Community (06/04/2010)
 
Safehaven.com (06/04/2010)
 
www.reallibertymedia.com (06/03/2010)
 
Rebel Traders (06/03/2010)
 
AG MetalMiner (06/02/2010)
 
Pragmatic Capitalism (06/01/2010)
 
The Motley Fool (05/30/2010)
 
vimeo.com (05/18/2010)
 
Sense on Cents (05/10/2010)
 
biiwii.blogspot.com (05/05/2010)
 
Jesse's Cafe Americain (05/04/2010)
 
Sense on Cents (05/03/2010)
 
Sense on Cents (05/01/2010)
 
Rebel Traders (05/01/2010)
 
Economic Policy Journal (04/30/2010)
 
Economic Policy Journal (04/30/2010)
 
Economic Policy Journal (04/30/2010)
 
Decline of the Empire (04/29/2010)
 
thetechnicaltakedotcom.blogspot.com (04/28/2010)
 
the evil speculator (04/28/2010)
 
Safehaven.com (04/28/2010)
 
Sense on Cents (04/22/2010)
 
Wall Street Cheat Sheet (04/15/2010)
 
ZeroHedge (03/31/2010)
 
www.financialarmageddon.com (03/31/2010)
 
Contrarian Investors' Journal (03/30/2010)
 
Capitalogix (03/29/2010)
 
Sense on Cents (03/29/2010)
 
Sense on Cents (03/28/2010)
 
Sense on Cents (03/28/2010)
 
Sense on Cents (03/28/2010)
 
Sense on Cents (03/28/2010)
 
Sense on Cents (03/28/2010)
 
Seeking Alpha (03/28/2010)
 
Seeking Alpha (03/26/2010)
 
Contrarian Investors' Journal (03/16/2010)
 
America's Economic Future (03/15/2010)
 
The Big Picture (03/15/2010)
 
marknoonan.opinioneditorial.com (02/28/2010)
 
Mish's Global Economic Trend Analysis (02/26/2010)
 
Credit Writedowns (02/03/2010)
 
blogcatalog.com (01/12/2010)
 
Phil's Stock World (01/02/2010)
 
Phil's Stock World (01/02/2010)
 
Phil's Stock World (01/02/2010)
 
Despre economie si geopolitica (12/02/2009)
 
Sense on Cents (10/10/1010)
 


Copyright ©2017 The Consumer Metrics Institute, Inc.